Charles the second. King Charles II of England (1630

5 Facts about Charles II

Charles the second

Various missions to foreign powers met with failure; he was excluded from Holland by the treaty made with England in April 1654, and he anticipated his expulsion from France, owing to the new relations of friendship established with Cromwell, by quitting the country in July. To save Danby from the impeachment trial, Charles dissolved the Cavalier Parliament in January 1679. What may be more shocking is how an autopsy allegedly describes the deceased body of the king himself. The Cavalier Parliament opposed the Declaration of Indulgence on constitutional grounds by claiming that the king had no right to arbitrarily suspend laws passed by Parliament. During the civil and military unrest that followed, , the Governor of Scotland, was concerned that the nation would descend into anarchy. The Corporation Act 1661 required all officers of incorporated municipalities to take communion according to the rites of.

Next

Charles II

Charles the second

By spring 1646, his father was losing the war, and Charles left England due to fears for his safety. Charles's opposition to the Exclusion Bill angered some Protestants. Anti-Catholic feeling in England exploded 1678 in the affair of the Popish Plot see Oates, Titus, 1649—1705, English conspirator. In August he joined with Spain and Holland in a manifesto against France, while secretly for a million livres he engaged himself to Louis, and in 1682 he proposed himself as arbitrator with the intention of treacherously handing over Luxemburg to France, an offer which was rejected owing to Spanish suspicions of collusion. In 1672, Charles issued the , in which he purported to suspend all against Catholics and other religious dissenters. The efforts of Louis to create a kingdom for Charles were responsible for the repeated revolts of Louis's elder sons that disturbed the latter part of Louis's reign.

Next

Charles II of England Facts for Kids

Charles the second

Mary went on to marry ; after Edward's death, she married Henry Graham, and upon his death she married James Rooke. Charles and his brother James joined and directed the fire-fighting effort. Excerpted from: Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Ed. The War of the Spanish Succession 1701—1714. He was bound by the made by his father in 1640 and 1641, but the Parliament elected in 1661 was determined on an uncompromising Anglican and royalist settlement. In 1662, James went to live at Charles's court. On the other hand, Danby succeeded in effecting the marriage 4th of November 1677 between William of Orange and the Princess Mary, which proved the most important political event in the whole reign.

Next

The Last King (TV Mini

Charles the second

Charles's wife Queen Catherine was unable to produce an heir; her four pregnancies had ended in and in 1662, February 1666, May 1668 and June 1669. The island was excluded from the benefit of the Navigation Laws, and in 1666 the importation of cattle and horses into England was forbidden. He was the only legitimate heir, but because he was so young his mother took the role of regent. The king attempted unsuccessfully to suspend these statutes by the declaration of indulgence of 1662, which he was forced 1663 to withdraw. On 23 June 1661, a marriage treaty was signed; England acquired Catherine's of in North Africa and the the latter having a major influence on the development of the in India , together with trading privileges in and the , religious and commercial freedom in Portugal and two million Portuguese crowns about £300,000 ; while Portugal obtained military and naval support against Spain and liberty of worship for Catherine. These small traits of amiability, however, which pleased his contemporaries, cannot disguise for us the broad lines of Charles's career and character.

Next

Charles II of Spain

Charles the second

One often used example of his alleged mental problems is that he slept with his father's body; while true, this was done under instructions from Mariana, based on advice from doctors it would help him produce an heir. The pleasure-loving character of the king set the tone of the brilliant Restoration period in art and literature. The premature royalist rising, however, in August 1659 was defeated, and Charles, who had awaited the result on the coast of Brittany, proceeded to Fuenterrabia on the Spanish frontier, where Mazarin and Luis de Haro were negotiating the treaty of the Pyrenees, to induce both powers to support his cause; but the failure of the attempt in England ensured the rejection of his request, and he returned to Brussels in December, visiting his mother at Paris on the way. Early Life He became heir to the throne on the death of his older brother Henry in 1612 and was made prince of Wales in 1616. As for sexual intrigue, that's as accurate as was the political.

Next

Sex, scandals and betrayals: Charles II and his court

Charles the second

She may have been the daughter of Roger Palmer, but Charles accepted her. In Ireland the church was re-established, and a new settlement of land introduced by the Act of Settlement 1661 and the Act of Explanation 1665. The period also saw the rise of the great political parties, Whig, English political party. The restrictions against royalist candidates and voters were widely ignored, and the elections resulted in a that was fairly evenly divided on political grounds between Royalists and Parliamentarians and on religious grounds between Anglicans and Presbyterians. In November 1675 Charles again prorogued parliament, and did not summon it again till February 1677, when it was almost immediately prorogued. Cromwell was very strict, so the people soon grew tired of him. By that instance, he had already suffered a life filled with illness.

Next